Verified Commit 97fabd00 authored by Lorenzo "Palinuro" Faletra's avatar Lorenzo "Palinuro" Faletra
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name: Lorenzo "Palinuro" Faletra
github: palinurosec
Founder of Parrot OS.
Debian and Devuan Lover (and occasional contributor).
Gopher and Pythonist.
Sysadmin, Pentester and ICT Security consultant.
Great supporter of RFC2549.
[persona website](
id: 29
title: Parrot 3.2 released
date: 2016-10-15T17:40:34+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
We have finished all the work on Parrot 3.2 and we are now proud to announce its official release.
This new version comes after a long while due to some buggy packages in the Debian Testing repository that we were forced to fix by our own (it’s about the latest GTK updates that broke the MATE interface).
We wanted this release to be just an improved version of the past release, but we were able to introduce some new interesting features, a new Linux 4.7 kernel, a more accurate set of pre-installed softwares and a more comfortable but familiar environment.
We are also happy to welcome the University of Crete as a new mirror provider, KNXSecurity for its parthnership with us and Alftel Systems ltd for having believed in our work, and our words will never be enough to say thank you to all the contributors who have spent their time to make this release as professional and functional as it was in our dreams
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id: 81
title: Parrot 3.4 released
date: 2017-01-04T00:07:19+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Parrot 3.4.1 was released.
It was divided into 2 releases, infact we have released parrot 3.4 on january 1, and then the 3.4.1 release to fix a minor bug to the installer as you can see from our changelog.
We haven’t done big changes since the previous release (parrot 3.3) but we have improved several things, infact as we announced for the previous version, parrot 3.3 was just a working snapshot (considered as a preview) of the major work we were doing on parrot 3.4, that we were able to finish earlier than expected.
Feel free to read our [changelog]( to have a better overview of what we have done.
Of course a big question that many of you may have is: what happened to Parrot Cloud?
No, we don’t have stopped its development, we have just discovered how pointless it was to provide our Cloud edition through a live ISO.
Infact we still provide it and you can still get a working parrot cloud environment in 3 ways: with our netboot images (tasksel supports the parrot-cloud metapackages), with our alternate installation script (to install parrot on top of a debian system) and by buying a pre-configured VPS from dasaweb (the official Parrot Cloud VPS provider).
feel free to [join our community]( and give us your feedback as we are up to take a long pause (we will continue to provide system updates through our repositories) to collect new ideas and play with some experimental branches of the IT security universe.
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id: 99
title: Parrot 3.5 is here
date: 2017-03-08T12:56:37+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Hello Parrots, Palinuro here.
I am proud to announce the official release of the new Parrot 3.5 ISO files.
This update took a lot of time (2 months) as we have not only updated and tested many many packages from debian, but we also tried to play with some new features and dropped some old and obsolete ones.
This new release will no longer include all those old packages that did not meet the debian standards, and of course we also removed the old and discontinued gtkdialog, that forced us to remove some other softwares built on top of it.
On a brighter note, native virtualbox and vmware guest support is now included by default.
The linux kernel was updated to the latest 4.9.13 release and we are waiting debian to finish the debianization of linux 4.10 to start working on our patches for it.
A virtual machine manager was included by default, but it is neither virtualbox nor the propertary vmware, while we wanted to include virt-manager, which is an awesome manager for KVM and LXC machines that can also control VMs on other computers on your network.
Another interesting feature is the update of firefox which is not firefox-esr 45, as we wanted to import the new firefox 51 by default.
For a full list of all the changes we consider being most relevant, take a look at our release changelog.
And don’t forget to download the latest ISO files from our download page!
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id: 109
title: Parrot 3.6 is here
date: 2017-05-18T13:07:45+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
After some months of hard work we were finally able to release Parrot 3.6.
In this new version we didn’t wanted to introduce new features and functionalities, we have worked instead in making the existing environment better, more reliable and less memory-hungry by applying many minor fixes to our build platform and packages and by tuning our startup daemons management system (Parrot 3.6 Lite 32bit can use less than 200MB of ram).
Anonsurf was improved too, and now the section dedicated to anonymity and privacy is very reliable and well tested, and some nightmares of the precedent anonsurf versions now belong to the past.
We also wanted to focus more attention to our Lite and Studio editions, because the Parrot Core is not only an awesome security oriented platform, but it is also suitable for more general purpose derivative projects, and workstations and personal computers can only take advantage from a very lightweight debian based system which is ready out of the box with all the customizations and configurations already done by our team.
Also regarding our derivatives, you should have noticed the download link for Parrot AIR, it is very similar to Parrot Full, but it only integrates our subset of tools dedicated to wireless testing. It was developed for the new [AIRBUD]( board, a very powerful mix between a wireless station and an embedded x86 computer developed by Alftel. Parrot AIR is just a proof of concept, of course, but it will be improved in the future to bring a very nice testing platform for this kind of pentesting boards, and yes, it can be used on a standard computer too like any other x86 edition of Parrot.
As we mentioned [here](, also the mirror director was improved, for faster downloads and updates, and many new universities, companies and research centers have joined our servers network. But our collaborations are not only related to our mirror servers, we are in touch with some companies and startups that are working hard in the frontier of the cyber security word, and with our team we are working on some side projects regarding IoT and Automotive security, and many laboratories, experiments and public events about these topics are going to involve our community in the near future.
If your are curious about our work on ARM platforms, feel free to contact us, we have a dedicated team working on it, and even if the development in this field is a bit slower than the x86 one, it is pushing forward and we are going to release updated images for [Raspberry Pi]( and [Pine64]( in the next weeks, while we are already at work to support the new [PineBook]( which is an awesome inexpensive laptop built on the arm64 SoC of the Pine64.
We take education very seriously, and we plan to do many many events with our community dedicated to teaching IT security basics as well as more advanced topics through courses and laboratories provided by our ambassadors, community leaders and developers all around the world!
And PLEASE, [**support us on Patreon**](, because your contribution is our only hope to survive and make this dream real!
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id: 114
title: Debian and Devuan
date: 2017-06-13T15:31:42+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-vaporwave.jpg
<img class="alignnone wp-image-117 size-thumbnail" src="" alt="" width="150" height="150" />
Some days ago we have posted a bizarre proposal on our social channels about a possible migration from Debian to Devuan to get rid of systemd and all the problems that it has brought to our environment since Parrot 2.0, and with this post we will try to explain what is happening in a more official way.
We are not going to deeply explain the technical details of this choice here as it would be useful just to open another systemd flame war which is out of scope, while we prefer to explain what we are actually planning, thinking and doing.
And because we are bad people and we love to have a beer while following Unix wars, we will fill this topic with systemd memes.
<img class="alignnone wp-image-122 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="300" height="275" srcset=" 300w, 230w, 350w, 480w, 650w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
**Is Parrot switching to Devuan?**
Nope, not yet.
We are just testing how our packages behave on top of Devuan instead of Debian, and what should be modified to have everything working without systemd (which seems to be hardcoded almost everywhere).
We are also collecting feedbacks from our community, and this is why we posted a very short announcement on our social channels some days before writing this post, and in a very very short amount of time we were able to collect an exaggerated amount of positive messages.
<img class="alignnone wp-image-115 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="292" height="300" srcset=" 292w, 230w, 350w, 480w, 490w" sizes="(max-width: 292px) 100vw, 292px" />
**How would it happen?** (assumed that the switch will happen)
It would probably happen with the release of Parrot 4.0, but again, only rumors there
<img class="alignnone wp-image-118 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="300" height="199" srcset=" 300w, 230w, 350w, 480w, 610w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
**Would i notice any differences?**
One of the goals that we want to achieve, in case of a switch to Devuan, is to write some transition wrappers to make commands like **systemctl** continue to work on sysvinit, exactly like the wrappers that make **service**, **update-rc.d** and **/etc/init.d/** launchers work on systemd.
<img class="alignnone wp-image-119 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="300" height="200" srcset=" 300w, 768w, 1024w, 830w, 230w, 350w, 480w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
**Sysvinit or openrc?**
Openrc is awesome, and we love how it correctly implements that dependency-based init model that systemd is quite far from being able to represent for the eyes of a _Veteran Unix Admin._
But openrc needs a lot of work to work properly in the debian ecosystem, and the introduction of systemd has slowed down its introduction as a valid alternative in Debian, so we will use the Devuan version of sysvinit and eventually follow the Devuan work, and then switch to openrc when it&#8217;s ready.
But again, these are just suppositions of how we would like to move in case of a migration.
<img class="alignnone wp-image-120 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="300" height="225" srcset=" 300w, 230w, 350w, 480w, 512w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
This is not the question, the real question is:
Do we care of what we run at PID 1?
YES, WE FUCKIN&#8217; DO!!
<img class="alignnone wp-image-121 size-medium" src="" alt="" width="300" height="217" srcset=" 300w, 550w, 230w, 350w, 480w, 757w" sizes="(max-width: 300px) 100vw, 300px" />
**Ok, let&#8217;s suppose the migration happens, would i be able to install anyway?**
notabug wontfix.
Seriously, no one gave a fuck of people wanting (or needing) to run other init systems when systemd was introduced in most of the GNU/Linux distributions screwing up years and years of synergy.
We would be happy to see people being able to switch back to systemd on our platform, but we will not waste time and resources to make it easier.
<img class="alignnone size-large" src="" width="480" height="320" />
**But i want to know what&#8217;s wrong with systemd!**
Again, we are not here to provide technical reasons about hat is wrong with a wrongly implemented init system, because many other people have deeply studied this situation and can explain it way better than us.
Here some useful resources:
[Linus Torvalds and others on systemd &#8211; ZDnet]( <&#8211; here you can also understand why we don&#8217;t like gnome
[Arguments against systemd &#8211; WithoutSystemd](
[<span class="c00">I still don&#8217;t understand why systemd sucks &#8211; Ycombinator</span>](
**I am Poettring, i am reading this topic and i dislike the way the web is treating me**
We want to make it clear, we have nothing to do with those morons who started fundraising campaigns to hire a hitman to kill you, and we hate all the people who are bullying up on you.
We just consider systemd an immature init system which works almost perfectly on some standard desktop use cases. But we also believe that your approach is destroying that part of the Unix philosophy that made GNU/Linux one of the most stable and reliable systems out there.
We also dislike the way systemd took us away the sacred graal of choice.
So, again, nothing personal. Everything that may have hurt your person in this topic happened only because we love memes and freedom, and one of your softwares gave us the former but took us the latter.
* Palinuro
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id: 134
title: Parrot 3.7 release date
date: 2017-07-07T17:26:39+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
We are ready to release new updated system images for Parrot 3.7.
The release is scheduled for this sunday (09/07/2017)
This new release is based on Debian 10 testing and includes a wide range of improvements and fixes, but a more detailed changelog will be provided soon in a dedicated release announcement.
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id: 136
title: Parrot 3.7 Release Notes
date: 2017-07-10T10:41:53+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Take a Debian core and configure it to be lightweight with a classic but complete desktop environment, put a beautiful dark theme on it and modify it to have nice colors and to not stress your eyes even after many hours of work.
Next step? integrate a full arsenal of tools to cover most of the aspects of the workflow of pentesters, sysadmins and developers.
As a final touch make an accurate selection of daily use applications.
These were our goals when we started to work on Parrot 3.7.
Of course the release of Debian 9 as the new stable branch brought many important changes in Debian, but for those distributions based on Debian testing, the main change was the introduction of many many updated packages that remained locked in the unstable branch because of the pre-release testing freeze.
We decided to not introduce significant changes on our side in this new release, and we just wanted to focus on making existing things better.
The most evident change is the introduction of the ARC theme, while also the auto-updater received an important change to show the progress of system upgrades.
The old linux 4.9 kernel was replaced with the new 4.11 branch, and this introduced a better support for many devices.
But the most important change is the core which is now based on Debian 10 (testing).
Our platform received some revisions too: the recent crash of our server in France gave us the perfect opportunity to review our infrastructure. The most important result is that now the central repository is replicated over 2 servers, and both of them host the geo redirector that redirects every request to one of our mirror servers around the world.
We are still working on our new build infrastructure and more hardware is required to complete everything and have it up and running as expected, if you want to contribute with a donation (both money or hardware) feel free to visit our [Donations Page (]( or contact palinuro AT parrotsec DOT org (spam it and we will hire a hitman for you).
Let&#8217;s finish with a little note on what is happening on our ARM side:
our repository fully supports both armhf (armv7hf &#8211; 32bit with HF) and arm64 (aarch64/armv8 &#8211; 64bit), and all the ARM packages are perfectly synchronized with their equivalent x86 versions. The only problem woth our ARM support is that our current ARM developer was too busy in these months to finish the ARM builds in time, and our current ARM images are based on Parrot 3.4 and are available only for Raspberry Pi
But on a brighter note a new developer is up to join our ARM team and our current ARM developer will be back on the build platform very soon, and he is already at work to support not only the Raspberry Pi but many other ARM boards like the Pine64 that we would like to adopt as our official embedded board.
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id: 149
title: Parrot 3.8 Release Notes
date: 2017-09-12T18:13:05+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
What i personally love about this project is its little but awesome developers community, and this summer was more productive than ever.
I am proud to announce the official release of Parrot 3.8, that introduces many new features and updates.
A quick look at our changelog will immediately spot the most important changes.
First of all, the new parrot 3.8 is now based on Debian 10 buster (current Debian testing release) with Linux 4.12, ZFS support, better wireless drivers support and the introduction of the new MATE 1.18, GCC 6.4 and 7.2, java 9 and so on, and all the parrot flavors now include electrum, a lightweight bitcoin client.
We have not only fixed the previous DNS resolution issues, but also introduced a new round-robin model between both the default DNS servers provided by dhcp and our new OpenNIC DNS nodes hosted on our servers to prevent DNS censorship. Our OpenNIC nodes were not yet added to the OpenNIC server list but we would love to add them in the future.
Parrot 3.7 and 3.8 were also subject to the introduction of apparmor, and selinux will be introduced by default very soon.
Parrot Lite has received some improvements, for example now it includes libreoffice, and some useless packages were dropped to make the system faster and more lightweight. No significant changes were performed on Parrot Studio and Parrot AIR except for all the global changes introduced in this new release.
The ARM images for various SoC boards will be released in the next days with many interesting features and a broader list of supported boards.
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id: 167
title: Parrot 3.9 release notes
date: 2017-11-07T17:54:07+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Parrot 3.9 is now ready, and it includes some important new features that were introduced to make the system more secure and reliable.
The most important feature is the new sandbox system, introduced to protect many applications from 0day attacks out of the box. The sandbox is based on firejail, a suid program which is very easy to configure and customize to protect many critical applications in a quick and effective way (if an application does not work as expected, customize the corresponding firejail profile to be more permissive).
The other characteristic of this release is a long list of little details we wanted to fix to make the system look better, and the new debian updates we have introduced to include the latest technologies.
In some cases this release might not work as expected, in these cases our users are invited to check their firejail profiles and their drivers compatibility, and they should contact us immediately as all the new features introduced in Parrot 3.9 will be refined and consolidated for Parrot 4.0 (sorry for the spoiler).
Because of these important (but experimental) new updates, we will release other sub-versions before Parrot 4.0 to make sure everything works as expected, and we are preparing a significant update to our security tools.
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id: 176
title: Parrot 3.10 is out
date: 2017-12-16T01:32:48+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
We are proud to announce the release of Parrot 3.10, the latest version of our security oriented GNU/Linux distribution.
The first big news is the introduction of a full firejail+apparmor sandboxing system to proactively protect the OS by isolating its components with the combination of different tecniques. The first experiments were already introduced in Parrot 3.9 with the inclusion of firejail, but we took almost a month of hard work to make it even better with the improvement of many profiles, the introduction of the apparmor support and enough time to make all the tests.
In Parrot 3.10 we also introduced the new Firefox 57 (Quantum) that landed on Parrot very naturally with a complete browser restyle. The release of Firefox 57 with our favorite plugins and our custom profile was possible thanks to the help of the Italian Mozilla Community, that welcomed us as members of their beautiful family.
We are a privacy-respecting GNU/Linux distribution and we will join the Mozilla Community and similar organizations in our common mission of protecting the internet and its users with privacy awareness campaigns and with resilient, free and effective self-defense tools.
The other big news is the introduction of the latest Linux 4.14 kernel, and it is a very important improvement for us because of the awesome features of this new kernel release and its improved hardware support.
All the updates that Debian introduced since the last Parrot release were tested and slowly introduced in our stable branch, and, since then, we have seen many improvements, bug-fixes and security updates that we are proud to ship with our new ISO files. We release very frequent updates to our ISO files because it is important for us to provide the latest security patches and the latest Debian packages to those users who have to use Parrot in Live Mode.
Some of our pentest tools received some important upstream updates, like metasploit-framework, that reached its 4.21 version, or maltegoce and casefile that were merged into a unique launcher provided by the new maltego 4.1.
The project encountered some difficulties with the maintenance of some tools that stopped us from working on an effective arsenal restyle and forced us to stay on our current development line, and we will soon require the help of our community to do a full restyle of our tools archive with the introduction of many useful programs that many community members wanted us to introduce.
At last, but not least, we included some lightweight but useful programs for daily tasks for our users who have parrot as their main system. We included a todo list and planner program, a personal finance management suite and a mind map designer.
We have tried to make custom flavors for other desktop environments but they were not working as expected and we decided to postpone their release for the future to take the time to make them better. Our users asked us to work on KDE Plasma, cinnamon and xfce, but we need the help of the community to develop official derivatives without flaws. Future versions of parrot would probably include a new user friendly installer too.
Here is how to upgrade the system
open a terminal window and type the following command
`sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade`
Lorenzo &#8220;Palinuro&#8221; Faletra
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id: 188
title: Parrot 3.11 release notes
date: 2018-01-28T20:03:09+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Parrot 3.11 is now available for download.
This new release introduces many improvements and security fixes compared to the previous versions. It includes by default all the spectre/meltdown security patches currently available and an updated version of the Linux 4.14 kernel.
A new car hacking menu now contains a collection of useful open source tools in the automotive industry to test real world cars or simulate CANBus networks.
Metasploit and postgresql are now patched to work flawlessly out of the box in live mode.
Other important updates include Firefox 58, increased installer stability, many updated security tools and some important graphic improvements.
Parrot Studio was reintroduced with many improvements, this special derivative of Parrot is designed for multimedia production as an improved version of Parrot Home for workstations, with many useful productivity tools pre-installed.
This release will probably be the last version of the 3.x series (except for eventual security updates), and we wanted to include some of the changes that we planned for parrot 4.x as a gift for our community.
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id: 193
title: Parrot 4.0 release notes
date: 2018-05-21T13:14:34+00:00
author: palinuro
image: images/slider/macaw-poly2.jpg
Parrot 4.0 is now available for download.
The development process of this version required a lot of time, and many important updates make this release an important milestone in the history of our project.
This release includes all the updated packages and bug fixes released since the last version (3.11), and it marks the end of the development and testing process of many new features experimented in the previous releases since Parrot 3.9.
### Experimental Netinstall Images
Netinstall images are a powerful tool to install only the bare core of the system or just the software components you really need, you can even use them to install another desktop environment and to build your own system exactly as you want.
On Parrot 4.0 we decided to provide netinstall images too as we would like people to use Parrot not only as a pentest distribution, but also as a framework to build their very own working environment with ease.
We consider this installation method as experimental because sometimes the installer fails when using https mirrors (using http mirrors work fine), and because it is harder to debug issues on uncommon package combinations, but we are going to keep these variables in consideration in the future.
### Docker images
We are glad to announce the official release of our Docker templates.
Docker is a powerful container technology that allows our users to quickly download a Parrot template and immediately spawn unlimited and completely isolated parrot instances on top of any host OS.
Parrot on Docker gives you access to all the Parrot containers you need on top of Windows, Mac OS, or any other system supported by docker, no matter if it is just your laptop or a whole docker cluster running on an entire datacenter. You will always have access to all the parrot tools in all the isolated environments you need.
We also offer different Docker images: a core container with only the bare system, a more complete environment with a lot of useful tools, and a container dedicated to the metasploit environment. But you are free to download our Dockerfiles, customize them and build your very own Docker templates with just the tools you need, or you can download the core template and install additional tools into it.
### **Linux Kernel 4.16**
**[<img class="alignnone size-full wp-image-195" src="" alt="" width="631" height="152" srcset=" 631w, 300w, 230w, 350w, 480w" sizes="(max-width: 631px) 100vw, 631px" />](**
The introduction of the new Linux 4.16 kernel is a very important step forward for the distro, as newer kernels always introduce many important new features, broader hardware support and important bugfixes.
The previous Parrot 3.11 release used Linux 4.14, which included basic spectre/meltdown fixes, while the true effective patches are included since Linux 4.15.
The 4.16 version includes [other important updates](, including AMDGPU multi-display fixes, optimized in-kernel filesystem operations and so on.
### **Sandbox**